Museum exhibits include a wide variety of geological, anthropological, and natural history specimens. Some of the highlights of the museum collection include:
- A dinosaur trackway from Towaco, NJ, with a model of Grallator, the small carnivorous dinosaur believed to be associated with these tracks.
- A mastodon from Salem County, NJ. This nearly complete specimen of Mammut americanum, was found in 1869. The skeleton was mounted in 1896 and remounted in 1932.
- A Ptolomaic era Egyptian mummy. This 2,400 year old mummy was brought to Rutgers by a missionary of the Dutch Reformed Church.
- Mineral exhibits featuring the zeolite minerals of Paterson, NJ, and the zinc minerals of Franklin, NJ.
- The Anne and Milton Hershhorn Fluorescent Mineral Exhibit. The fluorescent minerals, most of which are from New Jersey, are part of the 6,000-specimen lifetime mineral collection donated to the museum by Milton Hershhorn.